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Occasional Papers Series


For more than six decades, the Freer Occasional Papers Series has provided a forum for peer-reviewed scholarly works on a wide range of topics in Asian, ancient Near Eastern, Islamic, and American art. The format of the Occasional Papers varies according to subject and ranges from monographs, conference proceedings, and multi-author treatments of a theme or material, to studies in conservation and scientific research.

The original print editions of volumes published before 2008 are now available as PDFs. We are revitalizing many of these seminal studies by adding images and including other supplementary resources. These new special editions are made accessible as they are finalized.


Calligraphers and Painters: A Treatise by Qadi Ahmad, Son of Mir-Munshi (circa A.H. 1015/A.D. 1606)

F1939.50b-detailIn 1959 Vladimir Minorsky, a renowned scholar of the history and languages of Iran, published his English translation of the late sixteenth-century Gulistan-i Hunar (Rose Garden of Art) by Qadi Ahmad. Minorsky’s additional notes supplement the original text, which consisted of biographical entries on artists arranged through the pedagogical lines of masters and pupils up to 1600. The volume not only shed light on calligraphic practices in pre-modern Iran, but it also gave impetus to the study of Persian manuscripts and the arts of the book. It further prompted new directions of research into the topic. Almost sixty years later, the importance of the publication cannot be overestimated, and it remains a critical reference to this day.

This interactive digital edition of Calligraphers and Painters features an introduction by Simon Rettig, F│S assistant curator of Islamic art, an updated bibliography, and links to other resources. More than forty masterpieces from the collections of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery illustrate the text. With this new presentation, we invite you to meet the luminaries described in Qadi Ahmad’s treatise and discover some of the celebrated works they created.

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The Freer Occasional Papers Digital Repository

The Grand Empress Dowager Wên Ming and the Northern Wei Necropolis at Fang Shan

A.G. Wenley
vol. 1, no. 1, 1947
Paintings, Pastels, Drawings, Prints, and Copper Plates by and Attributed to American and European Artists, Together with a List of Original Whistleriana in the Freer Gallery of Art

Burns A. Stubbs
vol. 1, no. 2, 1948
The Unicorn

Richard Ettinghausen
vol. 1, no. 3, 1950
James McNeill Whistler: A Biographical Outline Illustrated from the Collections of the Freer Gallery of Art

Burns A. Stubbs
vol. 1, no. 4, 1950
A Royal Head from Ancient Egypt

Georg Steindorff
vol. 1, no. 5, 1951
Fourteenth-Century Blue-and-White: A Group of Chinese Porcelains in the Topkapu Sarayi Müzesi, Istanbul

John Alexander Pope
vol. 2, no. 1, 1952
Abstracts of Technical Studies in Art and Archaeology, 1943–1952

Rutherford J. Gettens and Bertha M. Usilton
vol. 2, no. 2, 1955
The Lohans and a Bridge to Heaven

Wen Fong
vol. 3, no. 1, 1958
Calligraphers and Painters: A Treatise by Qādī Ahmad, Son of Mir-Munshī, circa A.H. 1015/A.D. 1606

Translated by Vladimir Minorsky
vol. 3, no. 2, 1959
Li Ti

Richard Edwards
vol. 3, no. 3, 1967
Two Early Chinese Bronze Weapons with Meteoritic Iron Blades

Rutherford J. Gettens, Roy S. Clarke, and W. T. Chase
vol. 4, no. 1, 1971
Dara-Shikoh Shooting Nilgais: Hunt and Landscape in Mughal Painting

Ebba Koch
vol. 1, 1998
The Jesuits and the Grand Mogul: Renaissance Art at the Imperial Court of India, 1580–1630

Gauvin Alexander Bailey
vol. 2, 1998
A Freer Stela Reconsidered

Stanley K. Abe
vol. 3, 2002

Studies Using Scientific Methods: Pigments in Later Japanese Paintings

Elisabeth West FitzHugh, John Winter, and Marco Leona
New series, vol. 1, 2003
James McNeill Whistler in Context Essays from the Whistler Centenary Symposium, University of Glasgow, 2003

Lee Glazer, Margaret F. MacDonald, Linda Merrill, and Nigel Thorp, eds.
New series, vol. 2, 2008
Look of the Book cover The Look of the Book: Manuscript Production in Shiraz, 1303-1452

Elaine Wright
New Series, vol. 3, 2013

Tom Vick cover Time and Place Are Nonsense: The Films of Seijun Suzuki

Tom Vick
New Series, vol. 4, 2015

Performing Indonesia
Sumarsam and Andy McGraw, Eds.
New Series, vol. 5, 2016

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