1. Glazer, Jacobson, McCarthy, Roeder, wall label, 2019:
Whistler traveled to St. Ives in southwest England in late 1883, intent on producing works to sell at a solo gallery show in London. He had recently purchased supplies to paint en plein air, including a travel stool and a pochade box, a small case for carrying art materials. The artist reported he was "tremendously busy with lots of pictures of all kinds." He moved easily between painting with watercolors or oils, as seen in The Sea and Sand. Even so, his touch is lighter and his palette appears brighter in the resulting watercolors. These three watercolors from St. Ives are linked by their paper. Each contains traces of kaolin, a fine clay found in the hills of Cornwall and used in porcelain production.
2. Lee Glazer, 2018:
Changed date from "1883 or 1884" to "1883-1884." St. Ives works were painted on a trip spanning the winter of 1883-1884.