1. Bought through C. T. Loo [Lu Qinzhai] 盧芹齋 and Company, New York, from Chang Nai chi [Zhang Naiji] 張乃驥. For price, see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List after 1920.
2. (John Ellerton Lodge, 1939) See Folder Sheet F1939.6, Paragraph 2.
3. (Undated Folder Sheet note) The trimming of the butt was certainly not done by the maker of the blade, and suggests, of course, that a raw edge due to fracture has been later smoothed by a less competent craftsman. Whether this blade was originally complete in itself or was part of something else (see the blade crested birds reproduced by Paul Pelliot, Jades Archaïques de Chine Appartenant a M. C. T. Loo [Paris et Bruxelles: G. van Oest, 1925], pls. VIII and XVII; and Alfred Salmony, Carved Jade of Ancient China [Berkeley, CA: Gillick Press, 1938], pl. XVIII: 1, 2, 3) cannot now be determined; but the hole for suspension, though anciently and very neatly drilled, does not seem to be part of the original design. In connection with the exquisite quality of the work, compare F1917.396, F1919.17, F1939.19, and F1941.3.
4. (Undated Folder Sheet note) Sp. G. is 2.803.
5. (Julia K. Murray, 1980) Exhibition Ancient Chinese Jade label text; moved to label field.
6. (Julia K. Murray, 1982) For a general discussion of jade ko [ge] 戈, see Folder Sheet F1917.396.
Miniature ko [ge] 戈 like F1939.20 may have been used as pendants (see Folder Sheet F1979.33) and are often found in late Shang 商--early Western Chou [Zhou] 周 burials. Ko [ge] 戈 F1939.20 is similar to a curved blade excavated from Anyang 安陽 (Chung-kuo she-hui k'e-hsueh-yuan k'ao-ku yen-chiu-suo Anyang kung-tso-tui [Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan kaogu yanjiusuo Anyang gongzuodui] 中國社會科學院考古研究所安陽工作隊, "1969--1977 nien Yin-hsu hsi-ch'u mu-tsang fa-chueh pao-kao [1969--1977 nian Yinxu xiqu muzang fajue baogao] 1969--1977年殷墟西區墓葬發掘報告," K'ao ku hsueh pao [Kaogu xuebao] 考古學報 1979.1, p. 101, fig. 76: 8), except the latter has a bird's head at the end of the tang, and the Freer ko [ge] 戈 does not have a bird's head or a clearly demarcated tang.
7. (Stephen Allee per Keith Wilson, June 16, 2008) As per Jenny F. So, Jade Project Database, changed Date from "12th--11th century BCE" to "ca. 1600--ca. 1050 BCE." Also changed Object Name from "Miniature blade" to "Jewelry (pendant)"; changed Title from "Miniature curved blade" to "Curved knife pendant"; changed Medium from "Nephrite?" to "Jade (nephrite)" as per Conservation Record (1980). Added Previous Owner to Constituents (Zhang Naiji 張乃驥, 1897--1977). Added Dimensions per Christine Lee, from Jade Project Database.
8. (Jeffrey Smith per Keith Wilson, July 17, 2008) Jewelry added as secondary classification.
9. (Stephen Allee, March 23, 2009) Added designation "nephrite" to Medium as per Janet Douglas using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (January 8, 2009).
10. (Stephen Allee, June 02, 2009) Corrected name of previous owner from Zhang Naiqi to Zhang Naiji 張乃驥 and added Chinese characters, as well as his life dates (1899--1948) and a brief biography. [Are his life dates 1897-1977 or 1899-1948 ?]
11. (Susan Kitsoulis per Keith Wilson, May 24, 2010) Changed object name from "Jewelry (pendant)" to "Jewelry."
12. (Najiba Choudhury per Keith Wilson, August 17, 2017) Title changed from "Curved knife pendant" to "Dagger-axe (ge 戈), fragment reworked"; period changed from "Shang dynasty" to "Late Shang dynasty"; geography changed from "China" to "China, probably Henan province, Anyang"; date changed from "ca. 1600-ca. 1050 BCE" to "ca. 1300-ca. 1050 BCE"; dimensions changed from "H x W x D: 10.9 x 3.4 x 0.4 cm (4 5/16 x 1 5/16 x 1/8 in)" to "H x W x D: 3.4 x 10.9 x 0.4 cm (1 5/16 x 4 5/16 x 1/8 in)"; object name changed from "Jewelry" to "Axe".
13. (Najiba Choudhury per Keith Wilson, February 13, 2019) Added Chinese translation by Jingmin Zhang; removed the following from the description field, "1. Miniature curved blade. Greenish-white, translucent nephrite (?) with lilac spots. Concave edge chipped; butt trimmed." Added the following to the description field, "Miniature curved blade (concave edge chipped; butt trimmed) of greenish white, translucent nephrite (?) with lilac spots; the two surfaces alike; one hole for suspension." Also added past label text by Julia K. Murray.
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