Yoga: The Art of Transformation
Swami Vivekananda, Hindoo Monk of India
Inscribed: “To Hollister Sturges—All strength and success be yours is the constant prayer of your friend, Vivekananda”
In the late 1800s, India experienced a yoga revival focused on Swami Vivekananda (1863–1902) and his teachings. Born Narendranath Dutta, raised in a progressive Bengali milieu, and educated in English, he was inspired to become a monk by his guru, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.
In 1893, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Vivekananda attained celebrity status in the United States as “the Hindoo monk of India.” In his rapturously received addresses at the fair’s Parliament of World Religions, the swami spoke, in mellifluous and fluent English, of Hinduism as an unparalleled spiritual path that was inherently universal. Vivekananda’s self-presentation, captured in this iconic poster, was heroic and spiritual, both culturally specific (Hindu although non-sectarian) and broadly appealing.