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Zhongshan Going on Excursion 中山出遊圖

Type
Handscroll
Maker(s)
Artist: Gong Kai 龔開 (1222-1307)
Historical period(s)
Yuan dynasty, late 13th-early 14th century
Medium
Ink on paper
Dimension(s)
H x W: 32.8 x 169.5 cm (12 15/16 x 66 3/4 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1938.4
Label
The artist's inscription explains that this handscroll depicts the legendary hero Zhong Kui, known as the Demon Queller, setting out on a hunting exhibition with his sister. According to legend, when Emperor Xuanzong (reigned 712-56) fell ill with fever, he dreamt that a small demon broke into the palace. Suddenly, a large man calling himself Zhong Kui appeared, attacked the demon, and devoured it; when the emperor awoke, his illness had miraculously vanished. The emperor summoned a court painter to make a portrait of the figure in his dream, and the painting was distributed throughout the empire as a talisman to expel harmful spirits. By the tenth century, other popular legends and practices began to accrue around the figure of Zhong Kui; for example, he acquired both a wife and younger sister. In Gong Kai's humorous and imaginative painting, Zhong Kui and his sister are shown riding in sedan chairs. A retinue of slave-demons accompany them and carry Zhong Kui's sword, bundles of household goods, pots of wine, and smaller demons they have captured.To learn more about this and similar objects, visit http://www.asia.si.edu/SongYuan/default.asp Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy.
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Painting
Keyword(s)
baimiao style, China, demon, family, travel, WWII-era provenance, Yuan dynasty (1279 - 1368), Zhong Kui
Collection(s) Area
Chinese Art
Web Resource(s)
Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy, Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum






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